|Canadian bungalows: one floor, wide...|
|...but shallow (note, that's 40 km/h, not 40 mph)|
|Duplex in Boucherville, a former village turned into a Montréal suburb|
|Duplexes in the Old Terrebonne, a northern suburb of Montréal|
|Multiplexes and duplex in Shawinigan, in the Mauricie region|
|Multiplexes in Trois-Rivières|
|Duplexes in Victoriaville, a former rail station town between Québec and Montréal|
|Multiplexes in Charlesbourg, a Québec City suburb|
|Multiplexes in Saint-Georges, a small city in the Beauce region, south of Québec City|
|Duplexes and multiplexes in Alma, a small city in the Lac-Saint-Jean region|
|A triplex in Rimouski, in the Bas-Saint-Laurent region|
Stratified multifamily housing in relatively small buildings
Each unit has its own door, or shares a door with only one other unit
What remains constant is the multiplication of doors, with each unit having its own door to the outside. Even when there is a secondary ground floor entrance with an interior staircase, the upper floor unit or units will often have a door on the upper floor, opening on a balcony. Balconies (on upper floors) and verandas (on the ground floor) are present on almost all multiplexes. This provides semi-private outside areas for units and they seemed to have been very frequently used at the time based on contemporary sources.
ConclusionThere is much to like about traditional Québec multiplexes. They are an extremely versatile housing form, able to offer from 30 to 100+ units per hectare, from 6 000 to 20 000 people per square kilometer. They can be duplexes, offering two big housing units like two bungalows one over another, or they can be multiplexes with 2 or 3 1-bedroom units per floor above one large 3-bedroom unit on the ground floor, etc... The multiple doors and balconies that characterize them and their narrow size means that they allow for a lot of individuality on residential street, every building may be different from their neighbors and offer housing choices that simulate single-family housing thanks to each unit having their own door to the outside. They avoid the blank walls of large apartment blocks.
|A bloc of apartment buildings with parking lots|
|A bloc of multiplexes with driveways with roughly the same density and number of parking (in the more spatially efficient form of driveways)|
There is also a potential economic advantage, as the greater number of buildings and the smaller size of buildings make the threshold to becoming a landlord much lower. This increases competition amongst landlords, as when there are only a few apartment blocs, there will necessarily be few people owning most of the rental housing stock, and building new blocs will require deep pockets, putting them out of reach of most people.